Table of contents

Any male enhancement supplement stands and falls on the merit of its ingredients and whether they can live up to the often lofty claims made about them.

We’re here today to give the full-bore lowdown on everything in VigRX Plus.

Take the time to check out what the following ingredients have to offer and you can buy with your eyes wide open:

  1. Ginseng Root
  2. Ginkgo Biloba
  3. Turnera Diffusa
  4. Tribulus Terrestris
  5. Catuaba Bark
  6. Muira Puama
  7. Horny Goat Weed
  8. BioPerine

1) Ginseng Root


ingredient panax ginseng root

Ginseng root has been a mainstay of traditional eastern medicine for generations.

A plant found in China, Korea and Siberia, the root is used for multiple applications.

The main properties of Panax ginseng are:

  • Antioxidant
  • Anti-Inflammatory

Ginseng is widely believed to strengthen the immune system and it can also help mitigate some symptoms of erectile dysfunction.


The ginsenosides also known as panaxosides, are one of a number of active ingredients in ginseng that come together to deliver the benefits outlined below when taken in the form of supplements.

Key Benefits

  • Energy Levels: If you’re fatigued with *lowered energy levels, ginseng could pep you up
  • Erectile Dysfunction: Oral consumption of Panax ginseng can *improve overall sexual function in ED sufferers
  • Immune System: Since ginseng has powerful antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties, you
  • Inflammation: Since ginseng has powerful antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties, you might notice a marked *improvement if you’re plagued by inflammation
  • Libido: When taken in powdered form, ginseng root can *increase sexual arousal significantly
  • Premature Ejaculation: Ginseng applied as a topical cream can *delay climax if you’re suffering from PE

Ginseng Root for Sexual Health

Ginseng has been studied over the years to help *combat erectile dysfunction. (1) This is achieved by the *optimized production of nitric oxide.

Animal studies point to ginseng’s ability to *fight fatigue. (2) This can obviously help you indirectly in the bedroom thanks to *improved energy levels.

2) Ginkgo Biloba


ingredient ginkgo biloba

Reputed to help with libido (3) ginkgo biloba is also known as maidenhair.

Ginkgo trees are the only remaining member of an ancient Chinese species and carry the nickname the living fossil. These trees can live for 2000 years and grow well over 100 feet high.

The leaves and seeds of ginkgo trees have been used for centuries in Chinese medicine but it’s primarily an extract from the leaves used in the west.


Crude plant components don’t work well so stick with ginkgo in a formulation like VigRX to derive maximum benefits.

Start with low doses – roughly 100mg – since you’ll risk gastrointestinal upset if you start off too ambitiously.

Ginkgo works as a result of the way it *increases blood flow and circulation.

Key Benefits

  • Anxiety: The antioxidant properties of ginkgo might be beneficial if you’re suffering from anxiety although more research is needed to flesh out these findings
  • Circulation: Gingko can *increase blood flow (4) to various parts of the body although further research is required to determine how it *increases circulation
  • Inflammation: Ginkgo can be useful to *lessen the effects of inflammation (5) in the case of diseases like arthritis, heart disease, cancer, and stroke
  • Migraine and Headaches: Long used to treat migraines, ginkgo works well to *relieve all stress-related headaches
  • Sexual Dysfunction: From giving a flagging libido a *boost to *improving overall sexual function and even *helping with ED, ginkgo has multiple benefits in the bedroom

Ginkgo Biloba for Sexual Health

By *raising nitric oxide levels in the blood and *improving circulation by dilating blood vessels, ginkgo comes in handy for a number of symptoms of sexual dysfunction.

Studies remain inconclusive although the assumption is that ginkgo works due to the way more blood might be directed to the penis.

Since ginkgo can also be used to help counter anxiety, you could notice some indirect benefits, especially if nervousness is impacting your performance between the sheets.

3) Turnera Diffusa


ingredient turnera diffusa

Turnera diffusa, also commonly known as damiana, is a wild Mexican shrub that also grows on throughout central America and also in the West Indies.

Turnera diffusa is reputed to help with sexual function (6) and has been used for centuries as an aphrodisiac.

The stem and leaves are also used to treat stomach upsets of all natures.


The exact mechanism of turnera diffusa is unknown.

Key Benefits

  • Antidepressant: One of the active constituents of turnera diffusa, Thymol, can *stimulate the body and mind. When depression and anxiety present simultaneously due to long-term stress, turnera diffusa might be beneficial
  • Headaches: Damiana can help to soothe a range of headaches
  • Sexual problems: Turnera diffusa has been shown to help with aspects of both male and female sexual health
  • Weight loss: A formulation containing guarana and yerba mate along with turnera diffusa was shown to *reduce bodyweight in obese subjects

Turnera Diffusa for Sexual Health

Turnera diffusa has a lengthy folklore as an aphrodisiac.

It’s been primarily used over the years to help men *achieve and *maintain erections.

Another benefit baked into damiana is the way it helps *relieve stress and anxiety. If you’re worried about poor performance in the bedroom, damiana might *reduce that fear.

A small study has shown that damiana *increased sensitivity and sexual pleasure. More research is required to lend further weight to the reputation of turnera diffusa.

4) Tribulus Terrestris


ingredient tribulus terrestris-vine

Tribulus terrestris is also known as puncture vine and Gokshura. It’s a leafy plant producing fruit laced with spines.

This plant grows widely in Europe, Asia, Africa, and the Middle East.

Chinese and Indian traditional medicine has made use of the leaf, root and fruit of tribulus terrestris for hundreds of years.

Known to help with sexual function (7), tribulus terrestris is also used to treat chest pain, eczema and enlarged prostate. It’s also been used for a range of sexual problems and disorders including infertility.

Unfortunately, there’s not enough hard evidence to back up many of the claims made about tribulus terrestris.

It’s often sold on the strength of *increasing testosterone levels but this has not yet been proven.


The lack of research means the precise mechanism of tribulus terrestris is not known.

What is apparent is that saponins, chemical compounds in puncture vine, are responsible for the health benefits.

Key Benefits

  • Erectile Dysfunction: One study of males with partial androgen deficiency showed that tribulus terrestris *improved erections. (8) Some other small studies have indicated puncture vine might *boost sexual desire and *strengthen erections in men with erectile dysfunction
  • Libido: Animal studies have shown tribulus terrestris can help to *increase sexual desire. (9) Human research involved dosages so far above what you get in VigRX Plus that it’s hard to extrapolate findings and more research is required
  • Premature Ejaculation: Preliminary research shows that supplements with tribulus terrestris onboard could *delay ejaculation for up to 30 seconds in subjects suffering from PE. Tribulus terrestris has not been studied in isolation of these other ingredients, though
  • Sexual Problems: Tribulus has long been used to *counter a variety of sexual problems. IT appears to *heighten arousal and *boost sexual desire

Tribulus Terrestris for Sexual Health

Although tribulus terrestris cannot *boost testosterone levels, it has some suggested benefits as an aphrodisiac.

Research into tribulus terrestris used to *treat sexual ED have turned up mixed findings.

Several studies have shown tribulus to help men with infertility issues. Daily doses of 750mg to 1500mg could *improve sperm motility and quality. (10)

Overall, you need high doses of tribulus for it to work and there’s still room for plenty more research.

5) Catuaba Bark


ingredient catuaba bark

A mid-sized tree found in the rainforests of northern Brazil, catuaba has been used throughout history as an aphrodisiac.

An infusion of catuaba bark has been shown to help *boost libido in men and women.

Catuaba has also been demonstrated to *stimulate the CNS (central nervous system).


The exact mechanism is not known.

When taking catuaba in tablet form, less is more. You won’t benefit further from ramping up the dosage so exercise a light hand.

Key Benefits

  • Antioxidant: Animal studies have shown catuaba demonstrated neuroprotective effects in brain damaged mice with a *decrease in oxidative damage. Other studies show that the brain is protected against oxidative damage due to the high levels of antioxidant flavonoids present in catuaba (11)
  • Anxiety and Depression: High doses of catuaba used in an animal study showed catuaba *elevated mood and *improved memory
  • Aphrodisiac: Alkaloids including yohimbe present in catuaba might help to *support libido. The way catuaba *stimulates the CNS is also potentially responsible for a revved-up sex drive
  • Central Nervous System: A different group of alkaloids, the catuabine, *agitate the CNS and induce a calming effect that sets in rapidly

Catuaba Bark for Sexual Health

You won’t find any formal studies into the use of catuaba bark as an aphrodisiac but there’s ample anecdotal evidence.

It’s believed that by *stimulating the central nervous system and stimulating blood flow, catuaba might be useful for flagging libido.

Again, much more research is needed.

6) Muira Puama


ingredient muira puama

Muira puama, also known as Ptychopetalum olacoides bark, is a tree from the Amazon rainforest.

The roots and the stems of muira puama have long been used as a natural aphrodisiac. It has sometimes also been used to *treat sexual dysfunction.

Muira puama is used as an adaptogen which is a substance capable of helping your body deal with chronic stress.

As with many ingredients used in male enhancement supplements, we’re still waiting for more robust research to flesh out some of the claims.


As with so many of these extracts, the exact mechanism of muira puama is still unknown.

This means there’s no recommended dosage and you should speak with your doctor before trying out the benefits of this botanical extract.

Key Benefits

  • Depression: Animal studies have shown that muira puama could hold some benefits for stress-induced depression
  • Fatigue: Muira puama has been used for centuries as a general pick-me-up to help *fight fatigue
  • Libido: Long used for low libido, muira puama can *increases sexual desire in both men and women but sample sizes were small in the studies
  • Stress: Muira puama can help to *regulate cortisol and blood sugar which can *reduce stress

Muira Puama for Sexual Health

We really need more conclusive research before giving too much credit to muira puama. Anecdotal evidence is there in spades but we need more raw data.

It’s also essential to discover the mechanism before we can further understand whether or not muira puama lives up to the legend.

7) Horny Goat Weed


ingredient horny goat weed

Epimedium sagittatum leaf, also called horny goat weed, is a reputed aphrodisiac favored in Chinese medicine.

Horny goat weed has been used for thousands of years to *boost libido and to *deal with a variety of other conditions.


Some chemicals present in horny goat weed might help to *improve blood flow and to *boost sexual function.

Icariin, a flavonoid, helps *optimize transmission of nitric oxide in your body. This ensures enough blood makes its way down to the tissue in your penis. Since icariin can also help your body circulate more free-form testosterone, it might *enhance libido in this way.

The other thing we know about the way horny goat weed works is due to phytoestrogens. These chemicals work in a similar way to estrogen, the female hormone. Horny goat weed could help *reduce bone loss in women after menopause.

Key Benefits

  • Bone Health: Taking an epimedium extract for 2 years along with calcium supplements proved beneficial to women. Bone loss in the hip was *reduced
  • Male Sexual Health: Horny goat weed has been used to *counter erectile dysfunction for generations
  • Female Sexual Health: In traditional medicine, horny goat weed is believed to *increase sex drive and *minimize sexual dysfunction by *increasing blood flow

Horny Goat Weed for Sexual Health

Icariin *encourages superior blood flow while also helping your body to better circulate freeform testosterone which could give you a helping hand in the bedroom.

You might also have heard about the use of epimedium for erectile dysfunction and some animal studies have shown promising effects.

Epimedium has also been used to some effect *mitigating erectile dysfunction.

8) BioPerine


ingredient bioperine

BioPerine is the trademarked name for the piperine present in black pepper and responsible for giving it that familiar kick.

The core function of BioPerine is the way it serves to *enhance the potency of other ingredients. This makes it a powerful hidden weapon when used in male enhancement supplements.


BioPerine works by *increasing the bioavailability of other ingredients in a process called bioenhancement. (12)

Thermogenesis is the heat produced during the digestive process. BioPerine serves your body up with more thermal energy which then means it needs more nutrients.

As an added advantage, where your body is normally only able to absorb a tiny amount of the nutrients you take onboard, factor BioPerine in and that changes.

Key Benefits

  • Immune System: BioPerine could help to *lessen inflammation and *weakening immune system responses as evidenced in a 2010 study. (13)
  • Metabolism: BioPerine *enhances thermogenesis which in turn *increases nutrient absorption. This causes your internal temperature to *increase with some possible (although slight) weight loss benefits. You might feel more energized as well
  • Serotonin and Dopamine: Early research has shown BioPerine could help to *increase serotonin and dopamine levels in the brain

BioPerine for Sexual Health

BioPerine is not used for the purposes of sexual health beyond *improving overall wellbeing.

  1. Red ginseng for treating erectile dysfunction: a systematic review. Dai-Ja Jang
  2. Ginseng as a Treatment for Fatigue: A Systematic Review. Arring NM
  3. Short- and long-term effects of Ginkgo biloba extract on sexual dysfunction in women. Meston CM
  4. Effects of Ginkgo biloba on cerebral blood flow assessed by quantitative MR perfusion imaging: a pilot study. Ameneh Mashayekh
  5. Anti-inflammatory effects of Ginkgo biloba extract against trimethyltin-induced hippocampal neuronal injury. Kaur S
  6. Pro-sexual effects of Turnera diffusa Wild (Turneraceae) in male rats involves the nitric oxide pathway. Estrada-Reyes R
  7. Exploring scientifically proven herbal aphrodisiacs. Sabna Kotta
  8. Tribulus terrestris versus placebo in the treatment of erectile dysfunction and lower urinary tract symptoms in patients with late-onset hypogonadism: A placebo-controlled study. Gamal Saba
  9. Evaluation of the aphrodisiac activity of Tribulus terrestris Linn. in sexually sluggish male albino rats. Surender Singh
  10. Tribulus terrestris Extract Improves Human Sperm Parameters In Vitro. Sara Khaleghi
  11. Catuaba (Trichilia catigua) prevents against oxidative damage induced by in vitro ischemia-reperfusion in rat hippocampal slices. Kamdem JP
  12. Bioavailability enhancers of herbal origin: An overview. Kritika Kesarwani
  13. Inhibition of lipopolysaccharide-induced inflammatory responses by piperine. Gi-SangBae